Establish Integrated Fish Farm
Researched by Zayar Min – (13-3-2016)
One month ago I had researched some villages near the Meinmhala Island and Bogale Township located there in Pyapon District, Ayeyarwady region. At that time not only me but other 3 people Daw Htaik Htaik, Swan Pyae (forest department) and Phyoe Thet (forest department) also participated in the research period, as we choose same research area near the Meinmhala Island.
My project title is “Ecosystem management for Delta” in and around Meninmhala island area. Most of the local people are always focusing on fishing and logging for their daily income. Therefore, overfishing and ecosystem damaging become the risks in this area.
The main objectives of my research are:
First, we visited Nga Poke Tin Tan village and Gadon Kane village which are located along the Bogale river and western part of Meinmhala island. We met U Than Myint who is one of the household leader of Nga Poke Tin Tan village. He explained about the situation of before and after Nargis in this area and he said that most of the villages from brackish area were facing insufficient of drinking water and some of them bought from the other place for drinking water.
Next day, we continued to Damin Naung village, Htaw Paing village, Asi Lay Village and Kant Malar Chaung village which are located at eastern part of Meinmhala island. We met U Win Shwe, household leader of Damin Naung village and also he is one of the chairpersons of Village Fisheries Society (VFS). He said that he started stow net fishing 10 year ago and now difficult to catch 2 viss /day and catch rate are also declining year by year because impact of illegal fishing and deforesting and stow net fishermen from this area every day caught plastic bags instead of fish. However, in 2015 January stow net fisher suddenly caught goby fish species a lot. So they got a lot of profits.
And then interviewed to local drift net fisher U Thaung Kywel from Kant Malar Chaung village, located at eastern part of Meinmhala island. And also he is one of the chairpersons of Kant Malar Chaung village fishery society. He said that 10 years ago, he caught 5 viss/day of Hilsa fish during the fishing season ( Sep – Dec) but now very difficult to catch 1viss/day, because of IUU (Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported) fishing, and most of the mangrove area are damaged by local people. So spawning and feeding of fish species are reduced year by year.
We used motor boat along the field trip of our research because most of the area are not easy to travel by ground way. During the field trip we have been to 6 villages and interviewed 13 people from those villages near Meinmhala Island.
Integrated fish and agriculture farm from Htaik Chaung Village
According to my research, I found that livelihood of the local people were depending on fisheries sector and agricultural sectors. But rice cultivating is not easily to get daily income because it takes about 3 to 4 month long to harvest and fish aquaculture farms are not developed in this area. So their jobs are always focusing on fishing and logging on account of earning money easily. Therefore by establishing integrated fish and vegetable farms local people will have their alternative jobs and daily income.